Notes

We crammed everything we could into the hardback, so we had to punt the citations online. But they're really important! What follows are the links and resources to over five years of research attempting to eff the ineffable. Dig in, have fun, and caveat lector!

Introduction: Doomsday Preppers

We used to find faith and comfort in organized religion: "Young Adults around the World Are Less Religious." Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. May 30, 2020. https://www.pewforum.org/2018/06/13/young-adults-around-the-world-are-less-religious-by-several-measures/.

‘Spreading out’ Hawking agreed: Joseph, Yonette. "Stephen Hawking, in His Own Words (Published 2018)." The New York Times. August 29, 2018. http://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/14/world/europe/stephen-hawking-quotes.html

It will make those helicopters leaving: Scott, A. O. "Witnesses to the Collapse." The New York Times. September 04, 2014. https://www.nytimes.com/2014/09/05/movies/last-days-in-vietnam-looks-at-fall-of-saigon.html

Doomsday Preppers has gone on to break records: Osnos, Evan. "Survival of the Richest." The New Yorker. http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2017/01/30/doomsday-prep-for-the-super-rich.

A reality check on disaster relief as a service: Montoya-Galvez, Camilo. "Former FEMA Chief Says Agency Is Burdened by 'unrealistic' Disaster Response Expectations." CBS News. September 01, 2019. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/brock-long-on-face-the-nation-former-fema-chief-says-agency-is-burdened-by-unrealistic-disaster-response-expectations/

“We all collectively take it on faith that our country works”: Osnos, Evan. "Survival of the Richest." The New Yorker. https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2017/01/30/doomsday-prep-for-the-super-rich.

“What experience and history teach us is this”: Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, and Ruben Alvarado. Lectures on the Philosophy of History: Complete and Unabridged. Wordbridge, 2011, p. 6.

“Doomsday Prep for the Super-Rich”: Osnos, Evan. "Survival of the Richest." The New Yorker. http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2017/01/30/doomsday-prep-for-the-super-rich

Named one of the “world’s most influential intellectuals”: "MLTalks with Douglas Rushkoff-Team Human: How People, Together, Can Rule the Digital Future." MIT Media Lab. https://www.media.mit.edu/events/mltalks-douglas-rushkoff/

An update to Evan Osnos’s New Yorker essay: Playback, Medium. "Douglas Rushkoff:'Survival of the Richest'." Medium. September 26, 2018. https://medium.com/s/playback/douglas-rushkoff-survival-of-the-richest-eac5601b935b

“Religious moderates and secular humanists want peace”: Egginton, William. In Defense of Religious Moderation. Columbia University Press, 2016, p. 140.; Zuckerman, Phil. Living the Secular Life: New Answers to Old Questions. Penguin Books, 2015, p. 47. 

“A renewal of apocalyptic belief is underway”:  Gray, John. Black Mass. Great Britain: Penguin Books, 2008. 

His poem ‘The Second Coming’: Yeats, William B., Richard J. Finneran, and George Mills Harper. The Collected Works. Scribner, 1994, p. 158.

"Terror, Brexit and U.S. Election Have”: Ballard, Ed. "Terror, Brexit and U.S. Election Have Made 2016 the Year of Yeats." The Wall Street Journal. August 23, 2016. https://www.wsj.com/articles/terror-brexit-and-u-s-election-have-made-2016-the-year-of-yeats-1471970174

IDEO’s human-centered design toolkit: “IDEO Design Thinking.” IDEO, designthinking.ideo.com/. 

Part I: Choose Your Own Apocalypse

The poem at the end of the world: Clifton, Lucille. How to Carry Water: Selected Poems of Lucille Clifton. BOA Editions, Limited, 2020, p. 107.

All stories share only a handful of basic shapes: In Design, Literature. "Kurt Vonnegut Diagrams the Shape of All Stories in a Master's Thesis Rejected by U. Chicago." Open Culture. http://www.openculture.com/2014/02/kurt-vonnegut-masters-thesis-rejected-by-u-chicago.html.

Existential threats to humanity, reads one hundred seconds to twelve: "Current Time." Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. September 30, 2020. https://thebulletin.org/doomsday-clock/current-time.

2020 United Nations Climate Report: “United in Science 2020.” World Meteorological Organization, 11 Sept. 2020, public.wmo.int/en/resources/united_in_science. 

Chapter 1: The Centre Cannot Hold

“We have paleolithic emotions, medieval institutions”: "An Intellectual Entente." Harvard Magazine. November 24, 2020. https://harvardmagazine.com/breaking-news/james-watson-edward-o-wilson-intellectual-entente

“I arise in the morning torn between": The New York Times. https://archive.nytimes.com/www.nytimes.com/books/97/08/03/lifetimes/white-notes.html?_r=3

Collapse of Notre Dame foreshadowed: "Notre Dame: An Omen." The Dennis Prager Show. https://dennisprager.com/column/notre-dame-an-omen/.

The 1MDB scandal siphoned billions: Goldstein, Matthew, Alexandra Stevenson, and Emily Flitter. "Goldman Sachs Ensnarled in Vast 1MDB Fraud Scandal." The New York Times. November 01, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/01/business/goldman-sachs-malaysia-investment-fund.html.

The infamous Gupta Brothers: Mahajan, Karan. "How the Gupta Brothers Hijacked South Africa Using Bribes Instead of Bullets." Vanity Fair. https://www.vanityfair.com/news/2019/03/how-the-gupta-brothers-hijacked-south-africa-corruption-bribes

An anonymous McKinsey staffer wrote: Current Affairs. "McKinsey & Company: Capital's Willing Executioners ❧ Current Affairs." Current Affairs. https://www.currentaffairs.org/2019/02/mckinsey-company-capitals-willing-executioners

Skimmed the till of the $4 trillion disaster: Mellman, Aryeh, and Norman Eisen. "Addressing the Other COVID Crisis: Corruption." Brookings. August 07, 2020. https://www.brookings.edu/research/addressing-the-other-covid-crisis-corruption/

Money laundering for Russian oligarchs: "FinCEN Files: All You Need to Know about the Documents Leak." BBC News. September 21, 2020. https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-54226107

“The simultaneous waning of confidence in neoliberalism and democracy”: Stiglitz, Joseph E. "The End of Neoliberalism and the Rebirth of History." Ideas & Insights. November 06, 2019. https://www8.gsb.columbia.edu/articles/chazen-global-insights/end-neoliberalism-and-rebirth-history 

“Move fast and break things!”: Taneja, Hemant. "The Era of "Move Fast and Break Things" Is Over." Harvard Business Review. January 23, 2019. https://hbr.org/2019/01/the-era-of-move-fast-and-break-things-is-over 

Cambridge Analytica had weaponized millions of Facebook accounts: Confessore, Nicholas. "Cambridge Analytica and Facebook: The Scandal and the Fallout So Far." The New York Times. April 04, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/04/us/politics/cambridge-analytica-scandal-fallout.html

Facebook experienced mass walkouts: Confessore, Nicholas. "Cambridge Analytica and Facebook: The Scandal and the Fallout So Far." The New York Times. April 04, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/04/us/politics/cambridge-analytica-scandal-fallout.html

Alarmed by the company’s move to reenter China: Waddell, Kaveh. "Why Google Quit China-and Why It's Heading Back." The Atlantic. January 19, 2016. https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2016/01/why-google-quit-china-and-why-its-heading-back/424482/

“Silicon Valley Goes to Therapy”: Bowles, Nellie. "Silicon Valley Goes to Therapy." The New York Times. September 20, 2019. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/20/business/silicon-valley-therapy-anxiety.html

Town in Appalachia prescribed nine million tablets of OxyContin: Feinberg, Judith. "Tackle the Epidemic, Not the Opioids." Nature News. September 09, 2019. https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-02671-9#:~:text=In Kermit, West Virginia, a, made the region particularly vulnerable. 

80 percent of heroin addicts started out with a prescription: National Institute on Drug Abuse. "Heroin DrugFacts." National Institute on Drug Abuse. July 24, 2020. https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/heroin#ref

The Lancet reported over twenty million of ‘iatrogenic illness’: "Global, Regional, and National Incidence, Prevalence, and Years Lived with Disability for 301 Acute and Chronic Diseases and Injuries in 188 Countries, 1990–2013: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013." The Lancet 386, no. 9995 (2015): 743-800. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(15)60692-4.

World Health Organization came under intensive and divisive scrutiny: Lancet, The. "Reviving the US CDC." The Lancet 395, no. 10236 (2020): 1521. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(20)31140-5. 

The Four Horseman gathered: Four Horseman. Random House, 2019, p. 2.

Younger generations were simply not showing up: "In U.S., Decline of Christianity Continues at Rapid Pace." Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. June 09, 2020. https://www.pewforum.org/2019/10/17/in-u-s-decline-of-christianity-continues-at-rapid-pace/.  

Only nominal growth for Catholicism: "The Global Catholic Population." Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. August 20, 2020. https://www.pewforum.org/2013/02/13/the-global-catholic-population/

‘Nones,’ had surpassed all other organized denominations: Lipka, Michael, and Claire Gecewicz. "More Americans Now Say They're Spiritual but Not Religious." Pew Research Center. May 30, 2020. https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/09/06/more-americans-now-say-theyre-spiritual-but-not-religious/

Social scientists tracked a confluence of events: Kirby, Dianne. "The Cold War and American Religion." Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Religion, 2017. doi:10.1093/acrefore/9780199340378.013.398; "In U.S., Decline of Christianity Continues at Rapid Pace." Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. June 09, 2020. https://www.pewforum.org/2019/10/17/in-u-s-decline-of-christianity-continues-at-rapid-pace/;"The Evolution Of Islamic Terrorism - An Overview | Target America | FRONTLINE." PBS. https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/target/etc/modern.html

Evangelical megachurches have been booming: Exploring the Megachurch Phenomena: Their Characteristics and Cultural Context. http://hirr.hartsem.edu/bookshelf/thumma_article2.html

Despite the leather-jacketed hipster pastors: Schube, Sam. "Hallowed Be Thy Hypepriest: The Pastors Who Dress Like Justin Bieber." GQ. https://www.gq.com/story/hypepriests-pastors-who-dress-like-justin-bieber.

One in six Americans takes psychiatric medications: Moore, Thomas J., and Donald R. Mattison. "Adult Utilization of Psychiatric Drugs and Differences by Sex, Age, and Race." JAMA Internal Medicine 177, no. 2 (2017): 274. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.7507. World Health Organization reports that more people today kill themselves: "Suicide." World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/suicide

"We’re the middle children of history, man,": Fight Club. Twentieth Century Fox Film, 1999.

“When one gives up the Christian faith,” Nietzsche cautioned: Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm. Twilight of the Idols and Anti-Christ. Penguin. ‘A part of being human is believing in gods’: Wehner, Peter.

"Jonathan Haidt Is Trying to Heal America's Divisions." The Atlantic. May 25, 2020. https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2020/05/jonathan-haidt-pandemic-and-americas-polarization/612025/

Chapter 2: Stop Making Sense

In the ancient Greek, apocalypsis means:  "Apocalypse." Merriam-Webster. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/apocalypse.

A contraction of the Hebrew Har Megiddo: "Armageddon." Oxford Reference. https://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/oi/authority.20110803095424230#:~:text=In extended usage, Armageddon means, Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 

A doctor at Vienna’s General Hospital noticed something important: Loudon, Irvine. "Ignaz Phillip Semmelweis' Studies of Death in Childbirth." Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 106, no. 11 (2013): 461-63. doi:10.1177/0141076813507844. 

The idea that we habitually and often violently reject new evidence: Gupta, Vipin K., Chhavi Saini, Meher Oberoi, Gagan Kalra, and Md Imran Nasir. "Semmelweis Reflex: An Age-Old Prejudice." World Neurosurgery 136 (2020). doi:10.1016/j.wneu.2019.12.012.  

We can’t predict the future, they say: "How to Think Exponentially and Better Predict the Future." Singularity Hub. July 10, 2019. https://singularityhub.com/2016/04/05/how-to-think-exponentially-and-better-predict-the-future/

"The Greeks, the Romans, the English and the French had their eras,”: Doherty, Daniel, and Amitai Etzioni. Voluntary Simplicity: Responding to Consumer Culture. Rowman & Littlefield, 2004, p. 190.

The best laid schemes o’ Mice an’ Men: Burns, Robert, and Robert P. Irvine. Selected Poems and Songs. Oxford University Press, 2013, p. 72.

“Plans,” said Winston Churchill, “are worthless.":"Plan Sayings and Quotes." Plan Sayings and Plan Quotes | Wise Sayings. https://www.wisesayings.com/plan-quotes/

The ‘Greatest Generation’: Brokaw, Tom. The Greatest Generation. Random House, 2004, p. Xii. 

Extinction Rebellion is a global movement: "Join The Fight Against Climate and Ecological Collapse." Extinction Rebellion. https://rebellion.global/

Increasingly partisan op-eds and readers: Weinberg, Neil. "NYT vs. WSJ: Liberal Bias Vs. Conservative Bias?" Forbes. March 06, 2012. https://www.forbes.com/sites/neilweinberg/2010/10/23/nyt-vs-wsj-liberal-bias-vs-conservative-bias/#5eb71c587ec9

Even fact-checking sites: Marietta, Morgan, David C. Barker, and Todd Bowser. "Fact-Checking Polarized Politics: Does The Fact-Check Industry Provide Consistent Guidance on Disputed Realities?" The Forum 13, no. 4 (2015). doi:10.1515/for-2015-0040. 

An ‘opposable mind’: Martin, Roger L. The Opposable Mind How Successful Leaders Win through Integrative Thinking. Harvard Business School Press, 2009, p. 1.

The conditions that fomented ISIS: Fadl, Khaled Abou El. "The End of the Arab Spring, the Rise of ISIS and the Future of Political Islam." ABC Religion & Ethics. January 24, 2019. https://www.abc.net.au/religion/the-end-of-the-arab-spring-the-rise-of-isis-and-the-future-of-po/10098372

The entry of China into the world market: Davis, Bob. "When the World Opened the Gates of China." The Wall Street Journal. July 27, 2018. https://www.wsj.com/articles/when-the-world-opened-the-gates-of-china-1532701482.

The identities of the 9/11 bombers: Marcus Walker, William Boston. "Hijackers Spent Time in Germany But Had Different Experiences." The Wall Street Journal. September 17, 2001. https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB100067498520284440

One million refugees from Syria: Connor, Phillip. "Where Syrian Refugees Have Resettled Worldwide." Pew Research Center. May 31, 2020. https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2018/01/29/where-displaced-syrians-have-resettled/.

One billion people by 2050: "Climate Crisis Could Displace 1.2bn People by 2050, Report Warns." The Guardian. September 09, 2020. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/sep/09/climate-crisis-could-displace-12bn-people-by-2050-report-warns

Retirement at sixty-five has morphed into working hourly jobs: "Seeing Our Way to Financial Security in the Age of Increased Longevity." Stanford Center on Longevity RSS2. November 13, 2018. https://longevity.stanford.edu/sightlines-financial-security-special-report-mobile/#retirement-preparedness

One in three millennials has a side hustle: Dixon, Amanda. "Survey: Nearly 1 In 3 Side Hustlers Needs The Income To Stay Afloat." Bankrate. https://www.bankrate.com/personal-finance/side-hustles-survey-june-2019/.

Rolex and Chanel are going under: Gomelsky, Victoria. "Swiss Watches Amid the Crisis." The New York Times. April 30, 2020. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/30/fashion/watches-coronavirus-patek-philippe-rolex-switzerland.html.

Private universities, used to trading on: Hubler, Shawn. "As Colleges Move Classes Online, Families Rebel Against the Cost." The New York Times. August 15, 2020. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/08/15/us/covid-college-tuition.html

When twenty-six people: Elliott, Larry. "World's 26 Richest People Own as Much as Poorest 50%, Says Oxfam." The Guardian. January 21, 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/business/2019/jan/21/world-26-richest-people-own-as-much-as-poorest-50-per-cent-oxfam-report

“And as things fell apart”: The Talking Heads, (Nothing But) Flowers, track 5 on Naked, Sire Records, 1988, compact disc. 

Another Wendell, MacArthur Fellow Wendell Berry: Berry, Wendell. The Country of Marriage. Counterpoint, 2013, p. 15.

"Culture," as conservative publisher Andrew Breitbart observed: Friedersdorf, Conor. "How Breitbart News Destroyed Andrew Breitbart's Legacy." The Atlantic. November 15, 2017. https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2017/11/how-breitbart-destroyed-andrew-breitbarts-legacy/545807/

The Left wants to tear down the Western canon: Zuckerberg, Donna. Not All Dead White Men: Classics and Misogyny in the Digital Age. Harvard University Press, 2019.

Evolutionary biologist Bret Weinstein, himself no stranger to the culture wars: Brett Weinstein, “Speak of the Devil: How Demonizing ‘Whiteness’ Spreads White Nationalism | Bret Weinstein”, YouTube Video, 6:07, June 5th 2019,  https://youtu.be/S1sJgjG5AF4

66 “According to our experiments,” Oxford researcher Molly Crockett wrote: Written by Molly Crockett, Assistant Professor of Psychology. "How Populism Taps into the Human Desire for Punishment." World Economic Forum. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2017/01/how-populism-taps-into-the-human-desire-for-punishment/

“Now these studies [showing the positive effects of oxytocin]”: Crockett, Molly. "Beware Neuro-bunk." Molly Crockett: Beware Neuro-bunk | TED Talk. https://www.ted.com/talks/molly_crockett_beware_neuro_bunk/transcript?language=en

“Oxytocin [also plays]  a role in ethnocentrism”: "Love, Actually: The Science behind Lust, Attraction, and Companionship." Science in the News. June 19, 2020. http://sitn.hms.harvard.edu/flash/2017/love-actually-science-behind-lust-attraction-companionship/

A recent study at the Queensland University of Technology: Moss, Jordan, and Peter J. O'connor. "The Dark Triad Traits Predict Authoritarian Political Correctness and Alt-right Attitudes." Heliyon 6, no. 7 (2020). doi:10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04453. 

After the Vandals sacked ancient Rome, it took until the Declaration of Independence: Ervin, Sam J. "Separation of Powers: Judicial Independence." Law and Contemporary Problems 35, no. 1 (1970): 108. doi:10.2307/1191032.

“Because let’s be real,”: Díaz, Junot. "Under President Trump, Radical Hope Is Our Best Weapon." The New Yorker. June 18, 2017. https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2016/11/21/under-president-trump-radical-hope-is-our-best-weapon

“The dream of the 18th century was that a single”: Gopnik, Alison. "When Truth and Reason Are No Longer Enough." The Atlantic. March 17, 2018. https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2018/04/steven-pinker-enlightenment-now/554054

We’ve only been playing at civilization for: Howard, Jacqueline. "WATCH: Life On Earth's Five Billion Years Stuffed Into Two Minutes." HuffPost. February 25, 2013. https://www.huffpost.com/entry/evolution-of-life-on-earth-video-45-billion_n_2212926.

“Gentlemen, I understand your concerns about signing this declaration”: Isaacson, Walter. "Declaring Independence: How They Chose These Words." Time. July 07, 2003. http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1005150-3,00.html.

Chapter 3: We Are the World

“This year, it’s an incredible amount of burning,”: Emma Newburger. "Massive Arctic Wildfires Emitted More CO2 in June than Sweden Does in an Entire Year." CNBC. August 17, 2019. https://www.cnbc.com/2019/08/17/arctic-wildfires-emit-more-co2-in-june-than-sweden-does-in-an-entire-year.html

A team of researchers has recently discovered that microplastics: "Arctic Ice Carries Heavy Freight of Plastic." Nature News. April 24, 2018. https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-04967-8.

“There are little pieces of pollution that the snow is”: Katz, Brigit. "To Clean Up Everest, Nepal Is Banning Single-Use Plastics on the Mountain." Smithsonian.com. August 28, 2019. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/bid-clean-everest-nepal-banning-single-use-plastics-mountain-180973005/

As arresting as that image is: Gibbens, Sarah. "Another Plastic Bag Found at the Bottom of World's Deepest Ocean Trench." National Geographic News. June 10, 2019. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2018/05/plastic-bag-mariana-trench-pollution-science-spd/

“The spread of modern memes occurs in just the same way”: ArXiv, Emerging Technology from the. "How the "Gangnam Style" Video Became a Global Pandemic." MIT Technology Review. April 02, 2020. https://www.technologyreview.com/2017/07/25/150350/how-the-gangnam-style-video-became-a-global-pandemic/.

And it’s that specific act of the baby realizing: Jay L. Hoecker, M.D. "Terrible Twos: Why Are 2-year-olds so Difficult?" Mayo Clinic. March 09, 2019. https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/infant-and-toddler-health/expert-answers/terrible-twos/faq-20058314.

They interviewed 50 astronauts: WashPostPR. "The Washington Post Launches Special Coverage of the 50th Anniversary of the Apollo Moon Landing." The Washington Post. June 19, 2019. https://www.washingtonpost.com/pr/2019/06/19/washington-post-launches-special-coverage-th-anniversary-apollo-moon-landing/.

If it’s humans against little green men, the color of our skin seems to be less important.: Friedersdorf, Conor. "What Ails the Right Isn't (Just) Racism." The Atlantic. August 09, 2019.  https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2019/08/what-if-left-was-right-race/595777/.

“Advanced species don’t colonize outer space”: Aaron Frank, "Is Virtual Reality the Surprising Solution to the Fermi Paradox?" Singularity Hub. November 16, 2017. https://singularityhub.com/2017/01/01/is-virtual-reality-the-surprising-solution-to-the-fermi-paradox/.

In one early study in the 1990s: Strassman, Rick. DMT: The Spirit Molecule. Park Street Press, 2001, p. 105. 

The same research team at Hopkin: Davis, Alan K., John M. Clifton, Eric G. Weaver, Ethan S. Hurwitz, Matthew W. Johnson, and Roland R. Griffiths. "Survey of Entity Encounter Experiences Occasioned by Inhaled N,N-dimethyltryptamine: Phenomenology, Interpretation, and Enduring Effects." Journal of Psychopharmacology 34, no. 9 (2020): 1008-020. doi:10.1177/0269881120916143.

The Imperial team has refined a process: Timmermann, Christopher, Leor Roseman, Luke Williams, David Erritzoe, Charlotte Martial, Héléna Cassol, Steven Laureys, David Nutt, and Robin Carhart-Harris. "DMT Models the Near-Death Experience." Frontiers. July 20, 2018. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01424/full.

It shows up in early onset schizophrenia: Waldman, Katy. "Creativity, Conspiracy Theories, and Delusions Have One Thing in Common: Apophenia." Slate Magazine. September 16, 2014. https://slate.com/technology/2014/09/apophenia-makes-unrelated-things-seem-connected-metaphors-paranormal-beliefs-conspiracies-delusions.html.

In the paper “Oxytocin, Dopamine, and the Amygdala”: Rosenfeld, A. J., J. A. Lieberman, and L. F. Jarskog. "Oxytocin, Dopamine, and the Amygdala: A Neurofunctional Model of Social Cognitive Deficits in Schizophrenia." Schizophrenia Bulletin 37, no. 5 (2010): 1077-087. doi:10.1093/schbul/sbq015. 

On the review aggregator site Rotten Tomatoes: "Star Wars: The Last Jedi (2017)." Rotten Tomatoes. https://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/star_wars_the_last_jedi

“Good and evil doesn’t seem quite so clear,”: Schilling, Dave. "STAR WARS: THE LAST JEDI Review: The STAR WARS Film That Finally Lives Up To EMPIRE STRIKES BACK." Birth. Movies. Death. December 18, 2017. https://birthmoviesdeath.com/2017/12/12/star-wars-the-last-jedi-review-the-star-wars-film-that-finally-lives-up-to.

Former White House adviser Steve Bannon argues: "Steve Bannon Compares Himself to Dick Cheney, Darth Vader and Satan." The Independent. November 18, 2016. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/donald-trump-steve-bannon-dick-cheney-darth-vader-satan-a7425816.html.

“This is your last chance,” he tells Neo:  Matrix. Warner Brothers, 1999.  

In 2019 Wired magazine editor Emma Ellis wrote: Ellis, Emma Grey. "The Biggest 'Matrix' Question of All: Red Pill or Blue Pill?" Wired. https://www.wired.com/story/matrix-red-pill-vs-blue-pill/.

“Both read the bible day and night,”: Blake, William, Sasha Newborn, William Blake, and William Blake. The Everlasting Gospel: & Other Poems. Bandanna Books, 2011, p. 9.

Bill Clinton made it part of his 1992 run: Tibon, Amir. "From Bill Clinton to Trump: The Never-ending Story of the Jerusalem Embassy Move." Haaretz.com. April 24, 2018. https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-the-never-ending-story-of-the-jerusalem-embassy-move-1.5494231.

On the 2008 trail, Barack Obama went further: ABC News. "Obama Delivers First Foreign Policy Speech." ABC News. June 05, 2008. https://www.abc.net.au/news/2008-06-05/obama-delivers-first-foreign-policy-speech/2460312.

Twenty-seven hundred people were injured: David. "Israel Kills Dozens at Gaza Border as U.S. Embassy Opens in Jerusalem." The New York Times. May 14, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/14/world/middleeast/gaza-protests-palestinians-us-embassy.html.

“We come before you, the God of Abraham”: Korade, Matt, Kevin Bohn, and Daniel Burke. "Controversial US Pastors Take Part in Jerusalem Embassy Opening." CNN. May 14, 2018. https://www.cnn.com/2018/05/13/politics/hagee-jeffress-us-embassy-jerusalem/index.html.

This blockbuster series describes the aftermath of the Rapture: LaHaye, Tim, and Jerry B. Jenkins. Left behind. Tyndale House, 2005. 

According to the Pew Research Foundation, 58 percent: "Jesus Christ's Return to Earth." Pew Research Center. December 30, 2019. https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2010/07/14/jesus-christs-return-to-earth/.

On this theory, even setbacks dealt to the Islamic State: Wood, Story By Graeme. "What ISIS Really Wants." The Atlantic. June 22, 2018. https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2015/03/what-isis-really-wants/384980/.

Chapter 4: Designing Meaning 3.0

The Russian “roamed the aisles of Randall’s grocery store”: Hlavaty, Craig. "When Boris Yeltsin Went Grocery Shopping in Clear Lake." Chron. January 31, 2018. https://www.chron.com/neighborhood/bayarea/news/article/When-Boris-Yeltsin-went-grocery-shopping-in-Clear-5759129.php.

“The first time I felt quite frankly sick with despair for the Soviet people”: Yeltsin, Boris Nikolayevich. Against the Grain: An Autobiography. Pan Books, 1991. 

“I, Pencil, am a complex combination of miracles,”: Reed, Leonard Edward. I, Pencil: My Family Tree. Foundation for Economic Education, 2008.  

Move one step away from what made you rich and famous: Allen, James. Profit from the Core - a Return to Growth in Turbulent times. Harvard Business School Publishing, 2010. 

87.2 percent of villagers surrounding Lake Tanganyika in Africa ended up using their mosquito nets to fish: Gettleman, Jeffrey. "Meant to Keep Malaria Out, Mosquito Nets Are Used to Haul Fish In." The New York Times. January 24, 2015. https://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/25/world/africa/mosquito-nets-for-malaria-spawn-new-epidemic-overfishing.html.

Religion’s Relationship to Happiness, Civic Engagement and Health Around the World: "Religion's Relationship to Happiness, Civic Engagement and Health." Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. July 27, 2020. https://www.pewforum.org/2019/01/31/religions-relationship-to-happiness-civic-engagement-and-health-around-the-world/.

“If God did not exist,”: an epistle to the three imposters Voltaire [1768], "Epistle to the author of the book, The Three Impostors". 

In 2011 they created IDEO.org: “IDEO Design Thinking.” IDEO, designthinking.ideo.com/.

“Where billions watch while millions die.”: Zach Stein (scholar) in discussion with the author, July 2020. 

“We knew we couldn’t make it illegal to be either against the war”: Baum, Dan, Ann Patchett, Elizabeth McCracken, and Aris Roussinos. "Legalize It All." [Report] | Legalize It All, by Dan Baum | Harper's Magazine. https://harpers.org/archive/2016/04/legalize-it-all/.

Sacred Design Lab of Harvard Divinity School has distilled it down to three core elements: "Soul-Centered Design." Sacred Design Lab. August 16, 2020. https://sacred.design/

There is but one truly serious philosophical problem,”: Camus, Albert, and Justin O'Brien. The Myth of Sisyphus. Vintage International, 2018, p. 3. 

Experiences of awe can relieve stress, improve life satisfaction: Heller, A. S., A. S. Fox, E. K. Wing, K. M. Mcquisition, N. J. Vack, and R. J. Davidson. "The Neurodynamics of Affect in the Laboratory Predicts Persistence of Real-World Emotional Responses." Journal of Neuroscience 35, no. 29 (2015): 10503-0509. doi:10.1523/jneurosci.0569-15.2015.  

Packs of macaques: Vernon, Mark. "How Trance States Forged Human Society through Transcendence – Mark Vernon: Aeon Essays." Aeon. January 05, 2021. https://aeon.co/essays/how-trance-states-forged-human-society-through-transcendence.

“There are moments that stand out from the chaos”: Jackson, Susan A., and Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi. Flow in Sports. Human Kinetics, 1999, p. 3.

“The world breaks everyone,” said Hemingway: Hemingway, Ernest, Patrick Hemingway, and Seán A. Hemingway. A Farewell to Arms: The Hemingway Library Edition. Scribner, 2014, p. 216.

“Man is literally split in two,” Becker, Ernest. The Denial of Death. Free Press Paperbacks, 1997, p. 26. 

Nearly one in ten of us will be diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder  "Causes of PTSD." PTSD UK. https://www.ptsduk.org/what-is-ptsd/who-is-affected-by-ptsd/#:~:text= 

Our bodies really do keep the score: A., Van Der Kolk Bessel. The Body Keeps the Score: Brain, Mind, and Body in the Healing of Trauma. Penguin Books, 2015. 

“Grief is praise,” explains poet and Mayan elder Martin Prechtel: Prechtel, Martín. The Smell of Rain on Dust: Grief and Praise. North Atlantic Books, 2015, p. 39. 

Research that connects longevity and well-being to the richness of one’s personal social network: Publishing, Harvard Health. "Strengthen Relationships for Longer, Healthier Life." Harvard Health. https://www.health.harvard.edu/healthbeat/strengthen-relationships-for-longer-healthier-life

“While technology promises to connect us, it can also isolate,”: Murthy, Vivek Hallegere. Together: The Healing Power of Human Connection in a Sometimes Lonely World. Harper Wave, an Imprint of HarperCollinsPublishers, 2020.  

The technical term for this kind of togetherness: Turner, Victor. Dramas, Fields, and Metaphors: Symbolic Action in Human Society. Cornell University Press, 1974.  

It is up to three times as rewarding as an isolated peak experience: Sawyer, Keith. Group Genius: The Creative Power of Collaboration. Basic Books, 2017.

Intentional pursuit of intoxication a “fourth drive”: Siegel, Ronald K. Intoxication: The Universal Drive for Mind-altering Substances. Park Street Press, 2005, p. 216.

All societies strictly channel access to “techniques of ecstasy,”: Eliade, Mircea. Shamanism: Archaic Techniques of Ecstasy. Princeton University Press, 2004.

Part II: The Alchemist Cookbook

160-page manifesto titled The Anarchist Cookbook: Powell, William. The Anarchist Cookbook. Stuart, 1971. 

Chapter 5: Respiration

“Ancestor -mind . . . is all about deep engagement”: Yunkaporta, Tyson. Sand Talk: How Indigenous Thinking Can save the World. Harper One, an Imprint of Harper Collins Publishers, 2020.

“Supported by circular breathing, allowing for an uninterrupted length of sound generation”: Izdebski, Krzysztof, Lydia Hyde, Ronald R. Ward, and Joel C. Ross. "Visual Observations of Glottic Activity during Didgeridoo Performance." Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics VIII, 2012. doi:10.1117/12.925215. 

Nasal breathing results in 15 to 30 percent better oxygenation than mouth breathing: Weitzberg, Eddie, and Jon O. N. Lundberg. "Humming Greatly Increases Nasal Nitric Oxide." American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 166, no. 2 (2002): 144-45. doi:10.1164/rccm.200202-138bc.

“The calming response releases little ‘puffs’ of nitric oxide”: "Are You Working Too Hard?" Harvard Business Review. August 01, 2014. https://hbr.org/2005/11/are-you-working-too-hard.  

“[Nitric oxide] specifically inhibits the replication cycle of SARS CoV”: Åkerström, Sara, Mehrdad Mousavi-Jazi, Jonas Klingström, Mikael Leijon, Åke Lundkvist, and Ali Mirazimi. "Nitric Oxide Inhibits the Replication Cycle of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus." Journal of Virology 79, no. 3 (2005): 1966-969. doi:10.1128/jvi.79.3.1966-1969.2005.

That if you soften your gaze to the edge of your vision: Wapner, Jessica. "Vision and Breathing May Be the Secrets to Surviving 2020." Scientific American. November 16, 2020. https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/vision-and-breathing-may-be-the-secrets-to-surviving-2020/.

Experimentation he discovered what he came to call holotropic breath work:  Grof, Stanislav, and Christina Grof. Holotropic Breathwork: A New Approach to Self-exploration and Therapy. State University of New York Press, 2010.

Konstantin Buteyko’s research about increasing CO2 levels: “History of the Buteyko Method - Dr. Konstantin Pavlovich Buteyko.” Buteyko Clinic, August 13, 2020. https://buteykoclinic.com/about-dr-buteyko/.

In his book Higher Wisdom, Roger Walsh: Walsh, Roger N. Higher Wisdom: Eminent Elders Explore the Continuing Impact of Psychedelics. State University of New York Press, 2005.  

The recurring mention of Meduna’s mixture. Named after Ladislas Meduna, a Hungarian neuropathologist: "Ladislas J. Meduna, M.D. 1896–1964." American Journal of Psychiatry. November 01, 1999. https://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/doi/full/10.1176/ajp.156.11.1807

“Dr. Coult of New York, London and Calcutta” on the effects of “Exhilarating Gas.”: How Sam Colt Used Nitrous Oxide to Fund His Firearms Entrepreneurship." The Truth About Guns. November 22, 2018. https://www.thetruthaboutguns.com/sam-colt-nitrous-oxide/

“Dr. Coult of New York, London and Calcutta” wasn’t a practiced chemist at all: Rasenberger, Jim. Revolver: Sam Colt and the Six-shooter That Changed America. Scribner, 2021. 

The gas was first synthesized in 1772 by the English chemist Joseph Priestley: Gillman, Mark A. "Mini-Review: A Brief History of Nitrous Oxide (N2O) Use in Neuropsychiatry." Current Drug Research Reviews 11, no. 1 (2019): 12-20. doi:10.2174/1874473711666181008163107.  

James Watt, of future steam engine fame, invented a machine to produce “Factitious Airs.”: Beddoes, Thomas. Considerations on the Medicinal Use of Factitious Airs and on the Manner of Obtaining Them in Large Quantities. In Two Parts. 1795, p. 13. (https://archive.org/details/b21438973/page/13/mode/1up?q=factitious

In 1800, Humphry Davy published his definitive work: Davy, Humphry. Researches, Chemical and Philosophical: Chiefly concerning Nitrous Oxide, or Dephlogisticated Nitrous Air, and Its Respiration. By Humphry Davy, Superintendent of the Medical Pneumatic Institution. Printed for J. Johnson, St. Paul's Church-Yard. By Biggs and Cottle, Bristol, 1800.  

William James was first introduced to the gas in the 1870s: Tymoczko, Dmitri. "The Nitrous Oxide Philosopher." The Atlantic. May 01, 1996. https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1996/05/the-nitrous-oxide-philosopher/376581/.  

“My impression of its truth has ever since [experiencing nitrous oxide] remained unshaken”: James, William, and Martin E. Marty. The Varieties of Religious Experience: A Study in Human Nature. Penguin Books, 2015, p. 388. 

“The feeling of insight fades, and one is left staring vacantly”: James, William. "Subjective Effects of Nitrous Oxide." Mind. 1882; Vol 7. 

Churchill later told the Daily Mail, “the sanctum is occupied by alien powers”: "My New York Misadventure." International Churchill Society. July 02, 2013. https://winstonchurchill.org/publications/finest-hour/finest-hour-136/my-new-york-misadventure/

The WHO explained, acknowledging rather blandly, “induction is rapid and not unpleasant although transient excitement may occur.”: Essential Medicines and Health Products Information Portal. https://digicollections.net/medicinedocs/#d/h2929e

The United Kingdom had the highest instance of illicit use of all nineteen countries: "Global Drug Survey." Global Drug Survey Home Comments. https://www.globaldrugsurvey.com/

The Village Voice investigated the Nitrous Mafia: "Inside the Nitrous Mafia, an East Coast Hippie-Crack Ring." The Village Voice. https://www.villagevoice.com/2010/07/06/inside-the-nitrous-mafia-an-east-coast-hippie-crack-ring/.

Nitrous oxide triggers three of the six neurochemicals central to almost all non-ordinary states of consciousness: "Does Nitrous Oxide Produce an Effect upon Brain Neurotransmitters Namely Dopamine, Norepinephrine and Serotonin and Is It the Answer to Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting? | Virtual Health Sciences Library." World Health Organization. December 16, 2019. https://vlibrary.emro.who.int/imemr/does-nitrous-oxide-produce-an-effect-upon-brain-neurotransmitters-namely-dopamine-norepinephrine-and-serotonin-and-is-it-the-answer-to-postoperative-nausea-and-vomitin/. Benson, Herbert, and William Proctor.

The Break-out Principle: Essay. In The Breakout Principle How to Activate the Natural Trigger That Maximizes Creativity, Athletic Performance, Productivity and Personal Well-Being, 56 Scribner, 2003.

Inhaling a fifty-fifty gas blend of “nitroxygen,” something fascinating happened to their brain waves: Pavone, Kara J., Oluwaseun Akeju, Aaron L. Sampson, Kelly Ling, Patrick L. Purdon, and Emery N. Brown.

"Nitrous Oxide-induced Slow and Delta Oscillations." Clinical Neurophysiology 127, no. 1 (2016): 556-64. doi:10.1016/j.clinph.2015.06.001.    

“Nitrous oxide has control over the brain in ways no other drug does”: Office, News. "Uncovering the Mechanism of Our Oldest Anesthetic." MIT News | Massachusetts Institute of Technology. https://news.mit.edu/2015/brainwave-changes-laughing-gas-0706

“Didgeridu sound meditation is as effective as silent meditation”: Philips, Kamaira Hartley, Carrie E. Brintz, Kevin Moss, and Susan A. Gaylord. "Didgeridoo Sound Meditation for Stress Reduction and Mood Enhancement in Undergraduates: A Randomized Controlled Trial." Global Advances in Health and Medicine 8 (2019): 216495611987936. doi:10.1177/2164956119879367. 

“[Nitric oxide] specifically inhibits the replication cycle of SARS CoV”: Åkerström, Sara, Mehrdad Mousavi-Jazi, Jonas Klingström, Mikael Leijon, Åke Lundkvist, and Ali Mirazimi. "Nitric Oxide Inhibits the Replication Cycle of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus." Journal of Virology 79, no. 3 (2005): 1966-969. doi:10.1128/jvi.79.3.1966-1969.2005.

Navy SEALs train with a technique called box breathing: Divine, Mark. "Breathing Technique for Calm: Tips from a Navy Seal." Time. May 04, 2016. https://time.com/4316151/breathing-technique-navy-seal-calm-focused/

Stanford study published in Nature has shown that the dissociative or otherworldly effects of delta-wave EEG activity: Vesuna, Sam, Isaac V. Kauvar, Ethan Richman, Felicity Gore, Tomiko Oskotsky, Clara Sava-Segal, Liqun Luo, Robert C. Malenka, Jaimie M. Henderson, Paul Nuyujukian, Josef Parvizi, and Karl Deisseroth. "Deep Posteromedial Cortical Rhythm in Dissociation." Nature 586, no. 7827 (2020): 87-94. doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2731-9.  

If you sleep poorly, or don’t get enough delta-wave cycling, the research shows you’re at a higher risk for early onset Alzheimer’s: Hamilton, Jon. "Scientists Discover A Link Between Lack Of Deep Sleep And Alzheimer's Disease." NPR. November 16, 2020. https://www.npr.org/2020/11/16/935475284/scientists-discover-a-link-between-lack-of-deep-sleep-and-alzheimers-disease

“One is left staring vacantly at a few disjointed words and phrases”: "Subjective Effects of Nitrous Oxide." William James Essay. https://www.uky.edu/~eushe2/Pajares/jnitrous.html

“No account of the universe in its totality can be final”: James, William. The Varieties of Religious Experience: A Study in Human Nature. Cosimo, 2007.

“Oxygen: Everything needs it,” poet Mary Oliver writes: Oliver, Mary. "Oxygen." The New Yorker. June 19, 2017. https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2005/10/10/oxygen-2.

Chapter 6: Embodiment

That trauma has a physical signature that has to be released if we are to heal: A., Van Der Kolk Bessel. The Body Keeps the Score: Brain, Mind, and Body in the Healing of Trauma. Penguin Books, 2015. 

She suggests that well below conscious emotions lies our interoception: Barett, Lisa Feldman. How Emotions Are Made: The Secret Life of the Brain. Picador, 2020.

 People who took part in BDSM were less neurotic, more open: Wismeijer, Andreas A.j., and Marcel A.l.m. Van Assen. "Psychological Characteristics of BDSM Practitioners." The Journal of Sexual Medicine 10, no. 8 (2013): 1943-952. doi:10.1111/jsm.12192.  

“People lose the distinction between themselves and their partner, between themselves and the universe”: Morin, Roc. "That Time I Tried BDSM Therapy." The Atlantic. June 01, 2017. https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2015/10/when-bdsm-is-therapeutic/412249/

The 1970 film A Man Called Horse, starring Richard Harris:  Elliot Silverstein, A Man Named Horse, Cinema Center Films, 1970. 

The priests of Odin used to endure horrendous suffering: "Stephen E. Flowers - Sado-Magic in History." Scribd. https://www.scribd.com/document/398789493/Stephen-E-Flowers-Sado-Magic-in-History

Followers of Mithras observed a secret initiatory ritual: "Stephen E. Flowers - Sado-Magic in History." Scribd. https://www.scribd.com/document/398789493/Stephen-E-Flowers-Sado-Magic-in-History

The Spartans held a Feast of Flagellations at the altar of Diana : Bräunlein, Peter J. "Flagellation." Religions of the World, Second Edition: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices. Ed. Martin Baumann, J. Gordon Melton. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2010, 1120-1122 

The Penitentes of northern New Mexico annually reenact the passion of Jesus of Nazareth: Kuruvilla, Carol. "A New Era For The Secretive Penitente Brotherhood Of New Mexico." HuffPost. December 07, 2017. https://www.huffpost.com/entry/penitentes-new-mexico_n_6990204.

If an animal took a rollercoaster it would be scared, and it would never go again: "Why Pain Feels Good." BBC Future. https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20151001-why-pain-feels-good.

The Catholic Church condemned a brotherhood of flagellants in Spain and Italy as a cult: Aberth, John (2010). From the Brink of the Apocalypse: Confronting Famine, War, Plague and Death in the Later Middle Ages (2nd ed.). Routledge.

The U.S. government banned indigenous observance of the Sun Dance in the 1890s: Erdoes, Richard, and Alfonso Ortiz. American Indian Myths and Legends. Pantheon Books, 2006, p. 482.

You steer into the skid of your suffering, and the suffering of the entire world: Chödrön, Pema, and Tingdzin Ötro. Tonglen: The Path of Transformation. Vajradhatu Publications, 2001.

The practice of taking in people’s pain and sending out whatever you have that is positive: About Pema Chödrön With Her Powerful Teachings, and Lion's Roar Staff. "Good Medicine For This World." Lion's Roar. July 16, 2020. https://www.lionsroar.com/good-medicine-for-this-world/

“Look for your inspiration to the victorious lobster, with its 350 million years of practical wisdom,”: Peterson, Jordan B., Ethan Van Sciver, and Norman Doidge. 12 Rules for Life: An Antidote to Chaos. Vintage Canada, 2020, p. 28. 

Marine biologists cringed at his appropriation of crustaceans: Steinworth, Bailey. "Perspective | Jordan Peterson Needs to Reconsider the Lobster." The Washington Post. April 01, 2019. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/posteverything/wp/2018/06/04/jordan-peterson-needs-to-reconsider-the-lobster/

Recently biologists have confirmed they have receptors for a little known set of neurotransmitters called endocannabinoids: Dolce, Joe. Brave New Weed: Adventures into the Uncharted World of Cannabis. Harper Wave, 2017, p. 104.

The plant originated on the Tibetan Plateau as far back as twenty-eight million years ago: Ren, Meng, Zihua Tang, Xinhua Wu, Robert Spengler, Hongen Jiang, Yimin Yang, and Nicole Boivin. "The Origins of Cannabis Smoking: Chemical Residue Evidence from the First Millennium BCE in the Pamirs." Science Advances 5, no. 6 (2019). doi:10.1126/sciadv.aaw1391. 

“Cannabis pleasures our minds in order to use our feet”: Dolce, Joe. Brave New Weed: Adventures into the Uncharted World of Cannabis. Harper Wave, 2017, p. 103.

From that moment in 1965 until today, the NIH has been discreetly funding Mechoulam’s lab: Dolce, Joe. Brave New Weed: Adventures into the Uncharted World of Cannabis. Harper Wave, 2017.

A 1998 study involving soldiers who had suffered blunt force head trauma: Cannabidiol and Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol Are Neuroprotective Antioxidants," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, July 7, 1998, Vol. 95, Issue 14, p. 8268. 

Endocannabinoids “direct stem cells to become brain cells and contribute towards recovery.”:  Dolce, Joe. Brave New Weed: Adventures into the Uncharted World of Cannabis. Harper Wave, 2017, p. 116. 

A psychopharmacologist at Cornell University has confirmed the ECS heals our minds and not just our bodies: Friedman, Richard A. "The Feel-Good Gene." The New York Times. March 06, 2015. https://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/08/opinion/sunday/the-feel-good-gene.html

“[It] restores a kind of innocence to our perceptions of the world”: Pollan, Michael. The Botany of Desire: A Plant's Eye View of the World. Random House, 2014.

90 percent of U.S. physicians are totally unaware of their role in health: Bearman, Dr. David. "Most Medical Schools Don't Cover the Endocannabinoid System, They All Should." HuffPost. November 28, 2017. https://www.huffpost.com/entry/most-medical-schools-dont-cover-the-endocannabinoid_b_5a1de2bae4b0e9a1b9c7b49e?fbclid=IwAR0oF_CS-2uY6FUDoRQH6DNS9ehaFrXbNH6AGavvAPWh3aG2A76fGkdAN-o.

Endocannabinoids do “exactly what Adam and Eve would want”: Sherman, Jeremy. "Pot and Presence: To Care Is Human; to Forget, Bovine." Psychology Today. August 18, 2009. https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/ambigamy/200908/pot-and-presence-care-is-human-forget-bovine.

U.S. Navy SEALs discreetly reach out to Dr. Paul Bach-y-Rita: "Tongue Seen as Portal to the Brain." News. February 26, 2001. https://news.wisc.edu/tongue-seen-as-portal-to-the-brain/#:~:text=The tongue, asserts Paul Bach-y-Rita, is a terrific, confusion of smoke-filled buildings for people to rescue.

The PoNS device, as the most recent version is known, has been approved: "Home." Helius Medical Technologies - Home. https://heliusmedical.com/index.php/divisions/heliusmedical/the-pons-device#:~:text=The PoNS™ device is intended for use as,to be used in conjunction with physical therapy.

“Bottom-up neuromodulation of global brain function”: Fickling, Shaun D., Trevor Greene, Debbie Greene, Zack Frehlick, Natasha Campbell, Tori Etheridge, Christopher J. Smith, Fabio Bollinger, Yuri Danilov, Rowena Rizzotti, Ashley C. Livingstone, Bimal Lakhani, and Ryan C. N. D’Arcy. "Brain Vital Signs Detect Cognitive Improvements During Combined Physical Therapy and Neuromodulation in Rehabilitation From Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A Case Report." Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14 (2020). doi:10.3389/fnhum.2020.00347. 

Patients showed improvements between 85 to 90 percent: CT Schenk (former Aneros CEO) in discussion with the author, March 2019.

“The distention of the rectum . . . causes the vagus nerve to fire.”: Sheth, Anish. Whats Your Poo Telling You? Ebury Press, 2014, p. 23.

“The vagus nerve is responsible for the regulation of internal organ functions”: Breit, Sigrid, Aleksandra Kupferberg, Gerhard Rogler, and Gregor Hasler. "Vagus Nerve as Modulator of the Brain–Gut Axis in Psychiatric and Inflammatory Disorders." Frontiers in Psychiatry 9 (2018). doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00044. 

“To some it may feel like a religious experience,”: Sheth, Anish. Whats Your Poo Telling You? Ebury Press, 2014, p. 22.

“To do all this, and to combine it with an anus that shits! It is too much.”: Becker, Ernest. The Denial of Death. Simon & Schuster, 1997, p. 34.

Chapter 7: Music

Saturday, July 13, 1985. Wembley Stadium, London.: "When Queen Took 'Bohemian Rhapsody' to Live Aid." The New York Times. November 09, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/09/arts/music/bohemian-rhapsody-queen-live-aid.html

“Freddie was our secret weapon. He was able to reach out to everybody”: "Aaaaaay-o! Aaaaaay-o! Why Live Aid Was the Greatest Show of All." The Independent. July 13, 2020. https://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/music/features/live-aid-anniversary-queen-freddie-mercury-performances-bob-geldof-a9612071.html.

“They were singing along with everything we did,”: "Queen's Brian May Rocks Out To Physics, Photography." NPR. August 03, 2010. https://www.npr.org/2010/08/03/128935865/queens-brian-may-rocks-out-to-physics-photography

“Music making was as natural an activity as breathing and walking,”: Levitin, Daniel. This Is Your Brain on Music. Penguin Books, 2019, p. 6. 

Dunbar describes one of the oldest surviving cultures on the planet and how they make the most of music: Dunbar, R. I. M. Human Evolution: Our Brains and Behavior. Oxford University Press, 2016. 

Hard Times Call for Furious Dancing: Walker, Alice. Hard times Require Furious Dancing - New Poems. New World Library, 2013. 

“I had an intuitive ability to fine tune the thing that makes a tune catchy.”: Will Henshall (Audio Engineer) in discussion with the author, April 2020.

“Our auditory systems, our nervous systems, are indeed exquisitely tuned for music.”: Sacks, O. "The Power of Music." Brain 129, no. 10 (2006): 2528-532. doi:10.1093/brain/awl234.  

“You can think of music,” Brunel University psychologist Costas Karageorghis explains, “as a type of legal performance-enhancing drug.”: Karageorghis, Costas I., and David-Lee Priest. "Music in the Exercise Domain: A Review and Synthesis (Part I)." International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology 5, no. 1 (2012): 44-66. doi:10.1080/1750984x.2011.631026. 

“It can be considered the singular goal of every Englishman to make it to his grave unembarrassed”: Jembendell. "Dialogue on Deep Adaptation." Professor Jem Bendell. January 31, 2020. https://jembendell.com/2018/08/10/dialogue-on-deep-adaptation/#:~:text=John Cleese once said that “it’s the goal, that my underlying sense of reality had changed. 

“Ritual and Rapture, from Dionysus to the Grateful Dead.”: "Grateful Dead Documenting The Dead: Joseph Campbell and the Grateful Dead." Grateful Dead. https://www.dead.net/features/blog/documenting-dead-joseph-campbell-and-grateful-dead

He took over leadership of the Library of Congress’s Archive of Folk Song: American Folklife Center, Library Of Congress. "Lomax Family at the American Folklife Center." Alan Lomax Biography | The American Folklife Center | Library of Congress. September 01, 2014. https://www.loc.gov/folklife/lomax/alanlomaxbio.html

“Diversity of American folk song as an expression of its democratic, inter-racial,”: Alan Lomax "Songs of the American Folk", Modern Music 18 (Jan.-Feb. 1941), quoted in Cohen (2002), p. 25.

“Homo Americanus is part Yankee ingenuity, part backwoodsman/Indian or gamecock of the wilderness, and part Negro,”: Williams, Thomas Chatterton. "A Blues for Albert Murray." The Nation. May 17, 2016. https://www.thenation.com/article/archive/blues-for-murray/

“The blues tradition itself,” he wrote in The Hero and the Blues: Murray, Albert. The Hero and the Blues. Vintage Books, 1995, p. 106.

“It’s that combination of grace and intensity we know as swing.: Nava, Alejandro. In Search of Soul: Hip-hop, Literature, and Religion. University of California Press, 2017, p. 49.

“The question’s not having hope,” Cornel West insisted at a lecture at Harvard Divinity School: West, Cornel. "The Trump Era: Hope in a Time of Escalating Despair." Transition, no. 122 (2017): 22. doi:10.2979/transition.122.1.27. 

“Spiritual rebirth in the American Religion...is far closer to the patterns of Hermeticism”:  Bloom, Harold. Omens of Millennium: The Gnosis of Angels, Dreams, and Resurrection. Fourth Estate, 1997, p. 181.

“You’ve gotta go there to know there”: Hurston, Zora Neale. Their Eyes Were Watching God. HarperLuxe, 2008, p. xix.

“We have the paradox of a Gnostic Nation that does not know it knows!”: Bloom, Harold. Omens of Millennium: The Gnosis of Angels, Dreams, and Resurrection. Fourth Estate, 1997, p. 183. 

“This tragic-comic attitude toward life explains much of the mysterious power and attractiveness of that quality . . . known as ‘soul,’”: "What America Would Be Like Without Blacks." Teaching American History. https://teachingamericanhistory.org/library/document/what-america-would-be-like-without-blacks/

“Beyoncé is a part of this legacy. There is this natural correspondence between the kinds of things she does in her music and the black church.”: Friskics-warren, Bill. "A Church Service Inspired by Beyoncé, No Halo Required." The New York Times. October 21, 2019. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/10/21/arts/music/beyonce-mass.html

“Classical music has long ceased to belong to the West. It belongs to the world now.”: Hakakian, Written By Roya, and Published By Quillette Magazine. "Why I Signed the Harper's Letter." Quillette. https://quillette.com/2020/07/11/why-i-signed-the-harpers-letter/

“The seemingly incoherent diversity of American folksong as an expression of its democratic, interracial, international character” Alan Lomax "Songs of the American Folk", Modern Music 18 (Jan.-Feb. 1941), quoted in Cohen (2002), p. 25.

Chapter 8: Sacraments

“But the Indian goes into his tipi and talks to Jesus.”: Gwynne, S. C. Empire of the Summer Moon: Quanah Parker and the Rise and Fall of the Comanches, the Most Powerful Indian Tribe in American History. Scribner, 2011, p. 314. 

“A substance that engenders the sacred”: Pollan, Michael. How to Change Your Mind: What the New Science of Psychedelics Teaches Us about Consciousness, Dying, Addiction, Depression, and Transcendence. Penguin Books, 2018, p. 103.

“How could God reveal himself in a way that would leave no room for doubt?”: Buechner, Frederick, and George Connor. Listening to Your Life: Daily Meditations with Frederick Buechner. Harper San Francisco, 2007, p. 91.

“Every culture has found such chemical means of transcendence, and at some point the use of such intoxicants becomes institutionalized at a magical or sacramental level”: Sacks, Oliver, Jill Lepore, and Jeremy Denk. "Altered States." The New Yorker. https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2012/08/27/altered-states-3

The monks, skeptical but open, agreed. Doblin proceeded to hook some brothers up.: Rick Doblin (Executive Director of MAPS) in discussion with the author, April 2020.“The drug gives you a vision, a glimpse of what you are seeking.”: "Psychiatrists Defend New Street Drug for Therapy." Los Angeles Times. May 27, 1985. https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-1985-05-27-mn-6278-story.html

“Transform our passing illuminations into abiding light?”: Smith, Huston. The World's Religions. Langara College, 2019, p. 389.

“Drugs offer a shortcut; they promise transcendence on demand.”: Sacks, Oliver, Jill Lepore, and Jeremy Denk. "Altered States." The New Yorker.

“Buy the ticket, take the ride,”: Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas: A Savage Journey to the Heart of the American Dream. Random House, 1998, p. 89. 

The Mountain Ok peoples of Western New Guinea have an especially elegant approach to the role of substances in their culture: Rudgley, Richard. Essential Substances: A Cultural History of Intoxicants. Arktos Media, 2014.

“Behold Kunta Kinte—the only thing in the universe greater than you!”: Haley, Alex. Roots: The Enhanced Edition: The Saga of an American Family. Vanguard Press, 2011.

Chapter 9: Sex, Part I

The site aggregator Rotten Tomatoes gave it an 8 percent Rotten score: "The Blue Lagoon (1980)." Rotten Tomatoes. https://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/blue_lagoon.  

Shields won the first ever Razzie Award for Worst Actress: "Brooke Shields." IMDb. https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000222/awards

Only The Empire Strikes Back, Airplane, and Smokey and the Bandit II outgrossed the film that summer: "Domestic Box Office For 1980." Box Office Mojo. https://www.boxofficemojo.com/year/1980/

The hypothalamus pumps out oxytocin and vasopressin, creating potent feelings: Carter, C. Sue. "The Oxytocin–Vasopressin Pathway in the Context of Love and Fear." Frontiers in Endocrinology 8 (2017). doi:10.3389/fendo.2017.00356. 

The caudate nucleus, one of the brain’s major reward centers, lights up like fireworks when we see images of our lover: Ayn Hess March 14th. "Ventral Tegmental Area & Caudate Nucleus." The Anatomy Of Love. March 09, 2016. https://theanatomyoflove.com/the-results/ventral-tegmental-area/.

When Parkinson patients are given too much L-Dopa: "Levodopa-induced Psychosis: A Kindling Phenomenon." American Journal of Psychiatry 135, no. 6 (1978): 669-75. doi:10.1176/ajp.135.6.669.

George Bernard Shaw called romantic love “the most violent, most insane,”: Shaw, Bernard. Getting Married. Tender House Publishing, 2015, p. 18. 

“Romantic love is a natural (and often positive) addiction that evolved from mammalian antecedents by 4 million years ago as a survival mechanism”: Fisher, Helen E., Xiaomeng Xu, Arthur Aron, and Lucy L. Brown. "Intense, Passionate, Romantic Love: A Natural Addiction? How the Fields That Investigate Romance and Substance Abuse Can Inform Each Other." Frontiers in Psychology 7 (2016). doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00687. 

Scientists found that every month, many women grow especially dissatisfied with their long-term partners: Gildersleeve, Kelly, Martie G. Haselton, and Melissa R. Fales. "Do Women’s Mate Preferences Change across the Ovulatory Cycle? A Meta-analytic Review." Psychological Bulletin 140, no. 5 (2014): 1205-259. doi:10.1037/a0035438.

Scientists have found that when strippers are ovulating they earn up to 30 percent higher tips: Miller, Geoffrey, Joshua M. Tybur, and Brent D. Jordan. "Ovulatory Cycle Effects on Tip Earnings by Lap Dancers: Economic Evidence for Human Estrus?☆." Evolution and Human Behavior 28, no. 6 (2007): 375-81. doi:10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2007.06.002. 

When a woman climaxes, especially with a new, virile lover, her ability to conceive can slide up to three full days in either direction: Pavličev, Mihaela, and Günter Wagner. "The Evolutionary Origin of Female Orgasm." Journal of Experimental Zoology Part B: Molecular and Developmental Evolution 326, no. 6 (2016): 326-37. doi:10.1002/jez.b.22690.

One of the surest ways to reduce that existential crisis and boost testosterone production in middle-aged men is having sex with a new younger partner: Escasa, Michelle J., Jacqueline F. Casey, and Peter B. Gray. "Salivary Testosterone Levels in Men at a U.S. Sex Club." Archives of Sexual Behavior 40, no. 5 (2010): 921-26. doi:10.1007/s10508-010-9711-3. 

“Gray divorces” for fifty-something couples are the fastest-growing segment of separations: Brown, S. L., and I.-F. Lin. "The Gray Divorce Revolution: Rising Divorce Among Middle-Aged and Older Adults, 1990-2010." The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 67, no. 6 (2012): 731-41. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbs089. 

Nearly two out of three sexual assaults are perpetrated on children and young adults: "Sexual Assault of Young Children as Reported to Law Enforcement: Victim, Incident, and Offender Characteristics." PsycEXTRA Dataset, 2000. doi:10.1037/e377732004-001.  

Girls aged sixteen to nineteen are four times more likely to be victims of rape or sexual assault than at any other time in their lives: Greenfield, Lawrence A. "Sex Offenses and Offenders: An Analysis of Data on Rape and Sexual Assault." PsycEXTRA Dataset, 1997. doi:10.1037/e377662004-001. 

In the so-called developed world, half of all pregnancies are accidental: "Measuring Unintended Pregnancy." Guttmacher Institute. November 12, 2018. https://www.guttmacher.org/perspectives50/measuring-unintended-pregnancy

Mushrooms first secreted psychedelic compounds as a natural insect repellent: Reynolds, Hannah T., Vinod Vijayakumar, Emile Gluck-Thaler, Hailee Brynn Korotkin, Patrick Brandon Matheny, and Jason Christopher Slot. "Horizontal Gene Cluster Transfer Increased Hallucinogenic Mushroom Diversity." 2017. doi:10.1101/176347. 

Diamond argues, “our bizarre sexuality was equally essential for their evolution.”: Diamond, Jared M. Why Is Sex Fun?: The Evolution of Human Sexuality. Weidenfeld Et Nicolson, 2015, p. Ix.

Have you seen how animals have sex? It’s brutal.: Simon, Matt. "Animal Sex Is Dangerous and Horrifying. So Why Does Sex Exist at All?" Wired. May 24, 2019. https://www.wired.com/2015/02/animal-sex/

“All these features of human sexuality—long-term sexual partnerships”: Diamond, Jared M. Why Is Sex Fun?: The Evolution of Human Sexuality. Weidenfeld Et Nicolson, 2015, p. 6.

Men possess penises that are much longer, thicker, and more flexible than those of other primates: Miller, Geoffrey. The Mating Mind How Sexual Choice Shaped the Evolution of Human Nature. Anchor Books, 2001, p. 224. 

Does size really matter?: Prause, Nicole, Jaymie Park, Shannon Leung, and Geoffrey Miller. "Women's Preferences for Penis Size: A New Research Method Using Selection among 3D Models." Plos One 10, no. 9 (2015). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0133079. 

Our family tree branched from our nearest relatives, the chimps and bonobos, about seven million years ago: Choi, Charles Q. "Fossil Reveals What Last Common Ancestor of Humans and Apes Looked Liked." Scientific American. August 10, 2017. https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/fossil-reveals-what-last-common-ancestor-of-humans-and-apes-looked-liked/.  

Gorillas’ erect penises, for comparison, measure about 1.25 inches in length: Jahme, Carole. "Penis Size: An Evolutionary Perspective | Ask Carole, Evolutionary Agony Aunt." The Guardian. May 06, 2010. https://www.theguardian.com/science/2010/may/06/women-penis-size

“The human penis increased in length by a runaway process,”: Diamond, Jared M. Why Is Sex Fun?: The Evolution of Human Sexuality. Weidenfeld Et Nicolson, 2015, p. 144.

“Women . . . evolved to incarnate male sexual preferences,”: Miller, Geoffrey. The Mating Mind: How Sexual Choice Shaped the Evolution of Human Nature. Vintage, 2001, p. 224.

“I like big butts and I cannot lie, You other brothers can’t deny”: “I Like Big Butts - Sir Mix-A-Lot.” SongLyrics.com. Accessed April 21, 2021. http://www.songlyrics.com/sir-mix-a-lot/i-like-big-butts-lyrics/.

Kim Kardashian famously “broke the internet” with a nude portrait for Paper magazine: Thompson, Elizabeth. "Break The Internet: Kim Kardashian." PAPER. June 15, 2020. https://www.papermag.com/break-the-internet-kim-kardashian-cover-1427450475.html

The gradual emergence, among professionally beautiful women, of a single, cyborgian face”: Tolentino, Jia. "The Age of Instagram Face." The New Yorker. https://www.newyorker.com/culture/decade-in-review/the-age-of-instagram-face

Ranging in size up to two feet, these “phallocarps” vary in decoration: Hall, Dan. "Meet the Indonesian Tribe Where Men Show off Large Penis Sheaths in Battle." The Sun. September 19, 2018. https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/7292291/meet-the-remote-indonesian-tribe-where-the-men-show-off-their-large-penis-sheaths-in-battle/

In renaissance Europe, the codpiece—a padded cup covering the penis and testicles: Piepenbring, Dan. "A Brief History of the Codpiece, the Personal Protection for Renaissance Equipment." The New Yorker. https://www.newyorker.com/books/page-turner/a-brief-history-of-the-codpiece-the-personal-protection-for-renaissance-equipment

Chapter 10: Sex, Part II

Padmasambhava himself acknowledged the power of Yeshe’s attainment: Mother of Knowledge: Enlightenment of Yeshe Tsogyal, Dharma Publishing, 1983, location 69. 

Women in Tantric Buddhism, “these women had fully realized the nature of their own minds.”: Shaw, Miranda. Passionate Enlightenment: Women in Tantric Buddhism. Princeton Univ. Press, 1995.

“The ghostly imprint of sacred sex can still be discerned in every mainstream religion today,”: Wade, Jenny. Transcendent Sex: When Lovemaking Opens the Veil. Nota, 2014, p. 6.

Hedonic Engineering—The human nervous system studying and improving itself: Wilson, Robert Anton, and John Thompson. Cosmic Trigger I: Final Secret of the Illuminati. Hilartis Press, 2016.

John Lilly began researching pleasure in primates: "1953: Dr. John Lilly Used Electric Stimulation to "map" Brain Locations That Control Body Functions." Alliance for Human Research Protection. March 26, 2015. https://ahrp.org/1953-dr-john-lilly-used-electric-stimulation-to-map-brain-locations-that-control-body-functions/

“Sexual urges,” a Kinsey Institute researcher explained recently,”: Heil, Randolph. ""My Priorities Are on Identifying the General Health Benefits Of..." EAN Online. May 13, 2019. https://www.ean-online.com/insights/interview/my-priorities-are-on-identifying-the-general-health-benefits-of-sexual-stimulation/

Albert Kinsey of the University of Indiana released the second of what came to be known as “the Kinsey Reports”: KINSEY, ALFRED C., WARDELL B. POMEROY, CLYDE E. MARTIN, PAUL H. GEBHARD, JEAN M. BROWN, CORNELIA V. CHRISTENSON, DOROTHY COLLINS, RITCHIE G. DAVIS, WILLIAM DELLENBACK, ALICE W. FIELD, HEDWIG G. LESER, HENRY H. REMAK, ELEANOR L. ROEHR, and John Bancroft. "BIBLIOGRAPHY." In Sexual Behavior in the Human Female, 763-810. Indiana University Press, 1981. Accessed January 25, 2021. http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt173zmgn.24.  

Virginia Masters and William Johnson set up their own sexuality study: Masters and Johnson Collection. https://kinseyinstitute.org/collections/archival/masters-and-johnson.php#:~:text= 

“That’s been somewhat of a stymie to people doing sexuality education research.”: "Sex Research Faces New Obstacles." Monitor on Psychology. https://www.apa.org/monitor/apr03/obstacles

“Program officers at the National Institutes of Health instruct you not to include the word sexual in any of your grant applications,”: "Should Sex Be Prescribed Like Medicine? This Doctor Says Yes." Men's Journal. December 04, 2017. https://www.mensjournal.com/health-fitness/should-sex-be-prescribed-like-medicine-this-doctor-says-yes-w494495/

The Fisher Temperament Inventory (FTI): Brown, Lucy L., Bianca Acevedo, and Helen E. Fisher. "Neural Correlates of Four Broad Temperament Dimensions: Testing Predictions for a Novel Construct of Personality." Plos One 8, no. 11 (2013). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0078734.  

The MBTI and most other personality quizzes have little science to back them up: Nov 08, 2018 Books Podcasts Wharton Business Daily North America. "Is There Any Science Behind the Myers-Briggs Test?" Knowledge@Wharton. https://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/does-the-myers-briggs-test-really-work/.   

“There is no ‘sex’ center in the brain,” a colleague of Fisher’s notes: Institute, Kinsey. "Indiana University." Kinsey Institute Research Institute News. July 16, 2020. https://blogs.iu.edu/kinseyinstitute/2020/07/16/the-kinsey-interview-series-a-conversation-with-nicole-prause/

FTI’s neurochemical model, “ranging from religiosity, political orientation, and attitudes about sex in a relationship.”: Fisher, Helen E., Heide D. Island, Jonathan Rich, Daniel Marchalik, and Lucy L. Brown. "Four Broad Temperament Dimensions: Description, Convergent Validation Correlations, and Comparison with the Big Five." Frontiers in Psychology 6 (2015). doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01098.

In Love Drugs: The Chemical Future of Relationships. “Biochemical interventions into love and relationships are not some far-off speculation.”: Earp, Brian D., and Julian Savulescu. Love Drugs: The Chemical Future of Relationships. Redwood Press, 2020.

Their results have been so significant that the FDA has fast-tracked the Phase III trials: "Phase 3 Program: MDMA-Assisted Therapy for PTSD." MAPS. https://maps.org/research/mdma/ptsd/phase3.   

Prolactin is released in the patient’s brain, “contributing to a post-orgasmic sense of relaxation and receptivity.”:  Mithoefer, Michael C., Mark T. Wagner, Ann T. Mithoefer, Lisa Jerome, and Rick Doblin. "The Safety and Efficacy of ±3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine-assisted Psychotherapy in Subjects with Chronic, Treatment-resistant Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: The First Randomized Controlled Pilot Study." Journal of Psychopharmacology 25, no. 4 (2010): 439-52. doi:10.1177/0269881110378371.  

“In one year, I was unable to get a simple orgasm protocol through the ethics review process: Heil, Randolph. ""My Priorities Are on Identifying the General Health Benefits Of..." EAN Online. May 13, 2019. https://www.ean-online.com/insights/interview/my-priorities-are-on-identifying-the-general-health-benefits-of-sexual-stimulation/.

“The biggest misconception about sex is that using sex to feel better is unhealthy,”: Heil, Randolph. ""My Priorities Are on Identifying the General Health Benefits Of..." EAN Online. May 13, 2019. https://www.ean-online.com/insights/interview/my-priorities-are-on-identifying-the-general-health-benefits-of-sexual-stimulation/

“But that’s a very hard sell for someone who’s hurting. What if I could tell them to try regular masturbation?”: Pickett, Mallory. "Masturbation as Medicine." Medium. January 11, 2019. https://medium.com/neodotlife/prause-2049dadd8c0.

Griffiths’s lab had developed a thirty-question survey known as the Mystical Experience Questionnaire (MEQ30): Barrett, Frederick S., Matthew W. Johnson, and Roland R. Griffiths. "Validation of the Revised Mystical Experience Questionnaire in Experimental Sessions with Psilocybin." Journal of Psychopharmacology 29, no. 11 (2015): 1182-190. doi:10.1177/0269881115609019. 

When subjects at Hopkins were given moderate dosages of psilocybin it successfully treated nicotine addiction, treatment-resistant depression, and end-of-life anxiety: Grob, Charles S., Alicia L. Danforth, Gurpreet S. Chopra, Marycie Hagerty, Charles R. Mckay, Adam L. Halberstadt, and George R. Greer. "Pilot Study of Psilocybin Treatment for Anxiety in Patients With Advanced-Stage Cancer." Archives of General Psychiatry 68, no. 1 (2011): 71. doi:10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2010.116. , Johnson, Matthew W., Albert Garcia-Romeu, Mary P. Cosimano, and Roland R. Griffiths. "Pilot Study of the 5-HT2AR Agonist Psilocybin in the Treatment of Tobacco Addiction." Journal of Psychopharmacology 28, no. 11 (2014): 983-92. doi:10.1177/0269881114548296. , Davis, Alan K., Frederick S. Barrett, Darrick G. May, Mary P. Cosimano, Nathan D. Sepeda, Matthew W. Johnson, Patrick H. Finan, and Roland R. Griffiths. "Effects of Psilocybin-Assisted Therapy on Major Depressive Disorder." JAMA Psychiatry, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2020.3285. 

Subjects also reported their sessions as “the most meaningful experience of my life”: Griffiths, R. R., W. A. Richards, U. Mccann, and R. Jesse. "Psilocybin Can Occasion Mystical-type Experiences Having Substantial and Sustained Personal Meaning and Spiritual Significance." Psychopharmacology 187, no. 3 (2006): 268-83. doi:10.1007/s00213-006-0457-5. 

“These findings suggest that [clitoral stimulation] can trigger a substantial mystical experience, comparable in strength to a moderate dose of psilocybin,”: Siegel, Vivian, and Benjamin Emmert-Aronson. 2019. “Measurement of the Impact of Orgasmic Meditation on Mystical Experience.” MindRxiv. September 17. doi:10.31231/osf.io/ug6vh.  

Simple sexual stimulation prompted more mystical states by over 6 percent.:  Siegel, Vivian, and Benjamin Emmert-Aronson. 2019. “Measurement of the Impact of Orgasmic Meditation on Mystical Experience.” MindRxiv. September 17. doi:10.31231/osf.io/ug6vh.

“Probably one in twenty people have had a spontaneous transcendent episode during sex.”: Wade, Jenny. Transcendent Sex: When Lovemaking Opens the Veil. Nota, 2014, p. 10. 

“If [a tantrika] develops the mind bent on enlightenment the woman’s body is better.”: Nam-mkhaʼi-snying-po, Tarthang Tulku, and Jane Wilhelms. Mother of Knowledge: The Enlightenment of Yeshes Mtshorgyal. Dharma Publication, 1983, p. 102. 

Hassan, or the Old Man of the Mountain, as he was known: Wilson, Robert Anton, Israel Regardie, and Richard Rasa. Prometheus Rising. Hilaritas Press, 2016, p. 174 - 176.

“Further to the East, there were Tantric schools within Hinduism, Buddhism and Taoism”: Wilson, Robert Anton, Israel Regardie, and Richard Rasa. Prometheus Rising. Hilaritas Press, 2016, p. 176.

Chapter 11: An Immodest Proposal

Women on the Pill “scored lower on measures of sexual satisfaction and partner attraction,” : Roberts, S. Craig, Kateřina Klapilová, Anthony C. Little, Robert P. Burriss, Benedict C. Jones, Lisa M. Debruine, Marion Petrie, and Jan Havlíček. "Relationship Satisfaction and Outcome in Women Who Meet Their Partner While Using Oral Contraception." Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 279, no. 1732 (2011): 1430-436. doi:10.1098/rspb.2011.1647. 

“Society should seriously consider the prospect of complementing psychosocial interventions [like marriage counseling] with interventions into love’s biological side.”: Earp, Brian D., and Julian Savulescu. Love Drugs: The Chemical Future of Relationships. Redwood Press, 2020.

Dumbledore cautions him: “Men have wasted away before it, not knowing if what they have seen is real, or even possible”: Rowling, Joanne K. Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone. Bloomsbury, 2015, p. 229.

“The first step in connectedness,” Tyson Yunkaporta explains in his book Sand Talk: Yunkaporta, Tyson. Sand Talk: How Indigenous Thinking Can save the World. Harper One, an Imprint of Harper Collins Publishers, 2020, p. 244.

Part III: Ethical Cult Building

Chapter 12: Everybody Worships

“John promised he’ll bring planeloads and shiploads of cargo to us from America if we pray to him,”: Raffaele, Paul. "In John They Trust." Smithsonian.com. February 01, 2006. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/in-john-they-trust-109294882/

Peter Worsley noted. “The cults nonetheless live on. If the millennium does not arrive on schedule, then perhaps there is some failure in the magic, some error in the ritual.: Worsley, Peter M. "50 Years Ago: Cargo Cults of Melanesia." Scientific American. May 01, 2009. https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/1959-cargo-cults-melanesia/

“Everybody worships,” David Foster Wallace acknowledged in his well-known essay “This Is Water.”: Wallace, David Foster. This Is Water: Some Thoughts, Delivered on a Significant Occasion about Living a Compassionate Life. Little, Brown, 2009, p. 101.

Fluidity of memory and a capacity to forget,” anthropologist Wade Davis notes,: Davis, Wade. "The Unraveling of America  ." Rolling Stone. December 15, 2020. https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/political-commentary/covid-19-end-of-american-era-wade-davis-1038206/

It’s literally what we sense in our guts.: Barett, Lisa Feldman. How Emotions are Made: The Secret Life of the Brain. Picador , 2020. 

Jungian Robert Johnson, coined the term “golden shadow” : Johnson, Robert A. Owning Your Own Shadow: Understanding the Dark Side of the Psyche. Harper San Francisco, 1993, p. 8.

Abraham Maslow called this denial of our own power the Jonah complex.: Maslow, Abraham Harold. The Farther Reaches of Human Nature. Penguin Group, 1993, p. 34. 

Dr. Atul Gawande helped revolutionize standards of care in hospitals: Gawande, Atul. "A Life-Saving Checklist." The New Yorker. https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2007/12/10/the-checklist

Chapter 13: The Ethical Cult(ure) Toolbox

“I must create a system, or be enslaved by another man’s.”: Blake, William. Jerusalem: The Emanation of the Giant Albion. CreateSpace Independent Publishing, 2015, p. 18. 

There can be no society,” wrote Émile Durkheim, the founder of sociology, “which does not”: Durkheim, Émile, and Joseph Ward. SWAIN. The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life. A Study in Religious Sociology...Translated from the French by J.W. Swain. London, 1915, p. 427. 

“We are as gods,” Stewart Brand wrote on the first page of the Whole Earth Catalog: Wiener, Anna, Katy Waldman, and Evan Osnos. "The Complicated Legacy of Stewart Brand's "Whole Earth Catalog"." The New Yorker. https://www.newyorker.com/news/letter-from-silicon-valley/the-complicated-legacy-of-stewart-brands-whole-earth-catalog

Let no one ignorant of geometry enter here.:  Suzanne, Bernard F. "Frequently Asked Questions about Plato." Plato FAQ: "Let No One Ignorant of Geometry Enter". https://www.plato-dialogues.org/faq/faq009.htm

Let’s start with Pascal’s wager: Hájek, Alan. "Pascal's Wager." Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. September 01, 2017. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/pascal-wager/#ArguGeneExpePascWage

The medieval Franciscan who gave us the maxim known as Occam’s razor: Spade, Paul Vincent, and Claude Panaccio. "William of Ockham." Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. March 05, 2019. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ockham/#OckhRazo

The third pillar comes from Thomas Bayes, a sixteenth-century statistician who gave us Bayesian analysis: Joyce, James. "Bayes' Theorem." Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. September 30, 2003. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/bayes-theorem/

In the finite game the player plays within the rules. In the Infinite Game the player plays with the rules.: Carse, James. Finite and Infinite Games. Free Press, 2013.

“There is such a sense of authority that comes out of the primary mystical experience,”: Michael Pollan, The New Yorker, February 15, 2015. https://michaelpollan.com/articles-archive/the-trip-treatment/.

The U.S. Army learned this the hard way in the 1950s when they were testing LSD on troops: Says:, Hugh Yonn, ByVincent Crampton, Vincent Crampton, ByHigh Times, High Times, ByTim Brinkhof, and Tim Brinkhof. "Rare Footage Shows U.S. Soldiers After Taking LSD in Army Experiments." High Times. April 02, 2018. https://hightimes.com/culture/rare-film-footage-shows-us-soldiers-after-taking-lsd-in-army-experiments/

“The answer is never the answer,” Ken Kesey once said,”: Daniel, John. "The Prankster-in-Chief Moves On." The Prankster-in-Chief Moves On | Open Spaces. https://open-spaces.com/articles/the-prankster-in-chief-moves-on/.

“Love keeps no record of wrong.”: 1 Corinthians 13:4-8 NIV - - Bible Gateway. https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=1+Corinthians+13:4-8&version=NIV

He held his wife Laura’s hand and delivered four words: “Above all, be kind.”:Urban legend. There are differing wordings attributed to Huxley at this pivotal moment. 

“And every one of them words rang true, and glowed like burning coal,” Bob Dylan once sang: "Tangled Up In Blue: The Official Bob Dylan Site." Tangled Up In Blue | The Official Bob Dylan Site. https://www.bobdylan.com/songs/tangled-blue/.   

People who read narratives develop stronger social cognition than those who don’t: Tamir, Diana I., Andrew B. Bricker, David Dodell-Feder, and Jason P. Mitchell. "Reading Fiction and Reading Minds: The Role of Simulation in the Default Network." Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience 11, no. 2 (2015): 215-24. doi:10.1093/scan/nsv114.  

Children who learned their family story across generations had a higher sense of self-esteem: Feiler, Bruce. "The Stories That Bind Us." The New York Times. March 15, 2013. https://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/17/fashion/the-family-stories-that-bind-us-this-life.html

Keith Oatley calls stories “the mind’s flight simulator”: "Does Reading Fiction Make Us Better People?" BBC Future. https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20190523-does-reading-fiction-make-us-better-people

“Man proposes,” Thomas à Kempis observed, “and God disposes.”: Kempis, Thomas A., and Harold Bolton. Imitation of Christ. Dover Publications, 2003, p. 15.

If media theorist Marshall McLuhan was right and “we become what we behold,”: McLuhan, Marshall. Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man. MIT Press, 1994, p. 19. 

Tibetan monks and nuns have advanced practices where they contemplate wrathful and benevolent deities:  Garson, Nathaniel DeWitt; Penetrating the Secret Essence Tantra: Context and Philosophy in the Mahayoga System of rNying-ma Tantra, 2004, p. 52.

The medieval Christian practice of veneration of the saints shares a similar structure.:  Lindsay Jones, ed. (2005). Thomson Gale Encyclopedia of Religion (in Tajik). Sainthood (Second ed.). Macmillan Reference USA. p. 8033.

"Oh, good and ill, we're like the wind, we blow both ways.": "American Gods Recap: Season One, Episode Seven – the Truth about Mad Sweeney." The Guardian. June 12, 2017. https://www.theguardian.com/tv-and-radio/2017/jun/12/american-gods-recap-season-one-episode-seven-the-truth-about-mad-sweeney.

Chapter 14: Team Omega

Part of the team at Oxford that translated the Gnostic Gospels: Pagels, Elaine. Gnostic Gospels. Third Millennium Press LT, 2020.  

This became known as "the Auschwitz Problem": Rubenstein, Richard L. "A Consideration of Faith After Auschwitz." The New York Times. March 04, 1972. https://www.nytimes.com/1972/03/04/archives/a-consideration-of-faith-after-auschwitz.html

Greeks who worshipped such gods had no need for Satan: Pagels, Elaine. Gnostic Gospels. Third Millennium Press LT, 2020.

Jewish and Christian theologians speak of "the problem of suffering": Pagels, Elaine. Gnostic Gospels. Third Millennium Press LT, 2020.

“There is no way to suppress change…not even in heaven;” Lewis Hyde writes : Hyde, Lewis. Trickster Makes This World: Mischief, Myth, and Art. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2010, p. 107.  

All that crying won’t do you no good (come on up to the House): Tom Waits. http://www.tomwaits.com/songs/song/158/Come_On_Up_To_The_House/.

“To be fully alive, fully human, and completely awake is”: Chodron, Pema. When Things Fall Apart. Shambhala, 1998.“ Ring the bells that still can ring / Forget your perfect offering”: "Leonard Cohen – Anthem." Genius. November 24, 1992. https://genius.com/Leonard-cohen-anthem-lyrics

“‘All those at the banquet!’ they’d say and shake hands or hug.”: Walker, Alice. The Temple of My Familiar. Mariner Books, 2010, p. 169. 

There’s a starman waiting in the sky: "David Bowie – Starman." Genius. April 28, 1972. https://genius.com/David-bowie-starman-lyrics

He felt compelled to bridge the worlds of faith and science but so thoroughly upset the Church fathers: "Will Pope Francis Remove the Vatican's 'warning' from Teilhard De Chardin's Writings?" America Magazine. November 22, 2017. https://www.americamagazine.org/faith/2017/11/21/will-pope-francis-remove-vaticans-warning-teilhard-de-chardins-writings

“The idea becomes vastly more plausible that some kind of cooperation of humanity as a whole”: Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, The Phenomenon of Man 1955, p. 57.

“Each one becoming more itself and therefore more distinct from the others the closer it comes to them in Omega.” IBID p. 262. 

The next Buddha will be a Sangha: Vietnamese Zen Master Thich Nhat Hanh was Nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize by Dr. Martin Luther King. "The Next Buddha May Be a Sangha." Inquiring Mind. November 04, 2020. https://www.inquiringmind.com/article/1002_41_thich-nhat_hanh/

“Will there be refusal or acceptance of Omega?” he wondered: Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, The Phenomenon of Man 1955, p. 288–89. 

Civil-rights movements have required 3.5 percent of a population to reach a tipping point of transformation: "The '3.5% Rule': How a Small Minority Can Change the World." BBC Future. https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20190513-it-only-takes-35-of-people-to-change-the-world

“Three curves would perhaps continue to arise around us simultaneously in the future”: The Phenomenon of Man 1955, p. 289. 

Be joyful though you have considered all the facts: Berry, Wendell. The Country of Marriage. Counterpoint, 2013, p. 15.

“If we can forgive what’s been done to us,”: Palahniuk, Chuck. Haunted: A Novel. Anchor Books, 2006, p. 383. 

“Proud people,” Emily Brontë observed, “breed sad sorrows for themselves.”: Brontë, Emily. Wuthering Heights. Penguin Classics, 2003, p. 57. 

“It sounds an echo through my life, how can I keep from singing?”: Author: Robert LowryRobert Lowry Was Born in Philadelphia, March 12. "How Can I Keep from Singing." Hymnary.org. https://hymnary.org/text/my_life_flows_on_in_endless_song

Chapter 15: Pondering The Yonder

He who does not know the secret “die and become” will remain forever a stranger on this earth.: "Goethe." Goethe, Johann Wolfgang Von (1749–1832) - Selected Poems. https://www.poetryintranslation.com/PITBR/German/Goethepoems.php.

“There are a thousand ways to kneel and kiss the ground,” Rūmī reminds us, “there are a thousand ways to go home again.”: Rūmī, Ǧalāl Al-Dīn, and Coleman Barks. The Essential Rumi: New Expanded Edition. Harper Collins Publishers, 2004.

“Faith is not belief without proof, but trust without reservation: "CHILDISH FAITH." CHILDISH FAITH | Chicken Soup for the Soul. July 02, 2014. https://www.chickensoup.com/book-story/53583/childish-faith.

We are a way for the universe to know itself. Some part of our being knows this is where we came from. . . . We’re made of star stuff.”: Shermer, Michael. Why Darwin Matters: The Case against Intelligent Design. St Martin's Press, 2007, p. 158.  

Reducing valve of consciousness: Huxley, Aldous Leonard. The Doors of Perception. Granada Publishing, 1979.

“The universe is full of magic things,” Eden Phillpotts wrote, “patiently waiting for our senses to grow sharper”: Phillpotts, Eden. A Shadow Passes. Macmillan, 1919.

A slew of studies have traced markers of physical and mental health getting passed down from generation to generation: Bygren, Lars, Petter Tinghög, John Carstensen, Sören Edvinsson, Gunnar Kaati, Marcus E. Pembrey, and Michael Sjöström. "Change in Paternal Grandmothers´ Early Food Supply Influenced Cardiovascular Mortality of the Female Grandchildren." BMC Genetics 15, no. 1 (2014): 12. doi:10.1186/1471-2156-15-12. Yehuda, Rachel, Nikolaos P. Daskalakis, Linda M. Bierer, Heather N. Bader, Torsten Klengel, Florian Holsboer, and Elisabeth B. Binder. "Holocaust Exposure Induced Intergenerational Effects on FKBP5 Methylation." Biological Psychiatry 80, no. 5 (2016): 372-80. doi:10.1016/j.biopsych.2015.08.005. Dias, Brian G., and Kerry J. Ressler. "Parental Olfactory Experience Influences Behavior and Neural Structure in Subsequent Generations." Nature Neuroscience 17, no. 1 (2013): 89-96. doi:10.1038/nn.3594. Costa, Dora L., Noelle Yetter, and Heather Desomer. "Intergenerational Transmission of Paternal Trauma among US Civil War Ex-POWs." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 115, no. 44 (2018): 11215-1220. doi:10.1073/pnas.1803630115. 

“Everything in the universe and on Earth originated from stardust”: Schrijver, Karel, and Iris Schrijver. Living with the Stars: How the Human Body Is Connected to the Life Cycles of the Earth, the Planets, and the Stars. Oxford University Press, 2019, p. 11. 

“DNA has several big advantages . . . [it’s] been around for 3 billion years”: Erlich, Yaniv, and Dina Zielinski. "DNA Fountain Enables a Robust and Efficient Storage Architecture." Science 355, no. 6328 (2017): 950-54. doi:10.1126/science.aaj2038. University of Texas recently encoded The Wizard of Oz in the universal language Esperanto onto a DNA strand: "Power of DNA to Store Information Gets an Upgrade." UT News. July 14, 2020. https://news.utexas.edu/2020/07/14/power-of-dna-to-store-information-gets-an-upgrade/

Managed to encode the 1902 silent film A Trip to the Moon onto a double helix: "This Harvard Scientist Is Coding an Entire Movie onto DNA." The World from PRX. https://www.pri.org/stories/2015-08-10/harvard-scientist-coding-entire-movie-dna

“This transience of the body and the flow of energy and matter led us to explore our interconnectedness with the universe.”: Living with the Stars: How the Human Body Is Connected to the Life Cycles of the Earth, the Planets, and the Stars. Oxford University Press, 2019, p. xvii.

Buckminster Fuller called it the Design Realm: "Design Science: The Buckminster Fuller Institute." Design Science | The Buckminster Fuller Institute. January 01, 1970. https://www.bfi.org/design-science/primer/design-science.

Ervin László called this hypothetical realm the A-field, or Akashic field: Laszlo, Ervin. Science and the Akashic Field: An Integral Theory of Everything. Inner Traditions, 2007.

The first to assert that information was central and elemental: Gleick, James. Information - a History, a Theory, a Flood. Harpercollins Publishers, 2012.

“That all things physical are information-theoretic in origin and this is a participatory universe”: Wheeler, John Archibald (1990). A Journey Into Gravity and Spacetime. Scientific American Library. New York: W.H. Freeman. ISBN 0-7167-6034-7.  

“Observer-participancy gives rise to information; and information gives rise to physics.”: Wheeler, John Archibald (1990). A Journey Into Gravity and Spacetime. Scientific American Library. New York: W.H. Freeman.  

Roger Penrose has floated a theory that human brains, under certain specific conditions, are capable of quantum computing: Penrose, Roger. Shadows of the Mind: A Search for the Missing Science of Consciousness. Vintage, 2005. 

MIT did the math and concluded that Penrose was off by at least ten orders of magnitude: Tetlow, Philip (2007). The Web's Awake: An Introduction to the Field of Web Science and the Concept of Web Life. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons. p. 166. “I’m not asserting that the brain is like a radio, but”: Eagleman, David. Incognito: The Secret Life of the Brain. Viking Canada, 2011, p. 222.

“William James, Henri Bergson, and Aldous Huxley all argued the same”: Kripal, Jeffrey J. "Visions of the Impossible." CHE. July 22, 2020. https://www.chronicle.com/article/visions-of-the-impossible/

“Every true theorist is a kind of tamed metaphysicist”: On the Generalized Theory of Gravitation, Scientific American, Volume 182, Number 4, April, 1950, p. 13.

“Can we ever expect to understand existence?” Wheeler wondered.:  .J. A. Wheeler, In Complexity, Entropy, and the Physics of Information; Zurek, W. H., Ed.; Addison-Weseley: New York, 1990; p. 3.

Philip K. Dick’s 1974 epiphany, when a mesmerizing delivery girl came: Gopnik, Adam. "Blows Against the Empire." The New Yorker.  https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2007/08/20/blows-against-the-empire. “There’s something about all of it that feels–well, the only way I can put it is that it’s like coming home,”: Devenot, Neşe.

"Coming Out of the Psychedelic Closet." Psymposia. September 22, 2020. https://www.psymposia.com/magazine/nese-devenot-coming-out-of-the-psychedelic-closet/

Ain’t no saint without a past,” Dolly Parton reminds us, “or no sinner without a future.” Versions of this saying have come to us via Parton, Oscar Wilde and St Augustine

“Always and already,” Indian philosopher Nisargadatta observes, “the Other World is this world, rightly seen.”: Seeker. "Cleansing Our Perception." Seeker. https://www.seeker.com/cleansing-our-perception-1792765853.html

We are a way for the universe to know itself. Some part of our being knows this is where we came from: Melina, Remy. "Are We Really All Made of Stars?" LiveScience. October 13, 2010. https://www.livescience.com/32828-humans-really-made-stars.html.

Conclusion: The Four Horseman Cometh

“Consistently increased arousal and saliency-enhancing ‘courageous’ behaviours . . . in the direct presence of a perceived threat.”:  Salay, Lindsey D., Nao Ishiko, and Andrew D. Huberman. "A Midline Thalamic Circuit Determines Reactions to Visual Threat." Nature 557, no. 7704 (2018): 183-89. doi:10.1038/s41586-018-0078-2. 

“We don’t ever rise to the occasion,” the Greek poet Archilochus observed, “. . . we sink to the level of our training.”: Feloni, Richard. "Tim Ferriss Lives His Life According to an Ancient Greek Quote That Helps Him Prepare for the Worst." Business Insider. December 01, 2017. https://www.businessinsider.com/tim-ferriss-favorite-quote-greek-philosopher-archilochus-2017-12#:~:text=For inspiration, he followed the advice from one, we fall to the level of our training.

“Intentionally, sometimes bravely, and with the messy humanity that defines all of us”: Forged in Crisis: The Power of Courageous Leadership in Turbulent Times. John Murray Publishers LT, 2018, p. 3. 

Their stories, Koehn notes, “are as astounding as”:  Koehn, Nancy F. Forged in Crisis: The Power of Courageous Leadership in Turbulent Times. John Murray Publishers LT, 2018, p. 2.

“Each of the leaders and the people they inspire are made more resilient,”: Forged in Crisis: The Power of Courageous Leadership in Turbulent Times. John Murray Publishers LT, 2018, p. 3.  

“We must rise to the majestic heights of meeting physical force with soul force.”: "I Have a Dream: Full Text March on Washington Speech." NAACP. August 27, 2018. https://www.naacp.org/i-have-a-dream-speech-full-march-on-washington/. "Important Announcement." Who Is Howard Thurman? | Howard Thurman Center for Common Ground. http://www.bu.edu/thurman/about-us/who-is-howard-thurman/

On Thurman’s return to the United States, he translated the Sanskrit term: Dixie, Quinton Hosford, Peter R. Eisenstadt, and Walter E. Fluker. Visions of a Better World: Howard Thurman's Pilgrimage to India and the Origins of African American Nonviolence. Beacon Press, 2014. 

He also delivered the sermon at the famous 1962 Good Friday experiment: "Pahnke's 'Good Friday Experiment': A Long-Term Follow-Up and Methodological Critique." MAPS. https://maps.org/articles/5414-good-friday-drugs-mysticism. I went out and searched and found a man in the throes of crucifixion. "1962 Good Friday Experiment (Podcast)." MAPS. https://maps.org/news/multimedia-library/138-1962-good-friday-experiment

“We live at a time of a heightened sense that civilizations are themselves vulnerable,”Lear, Jonathan. Radical Hope: Ethics in the Face of Cultural Devastation. Harvard University Press, 2008, p. 7.

“Events around the world—terrorist attacks, violent social upheavals,” IBIDThe inability to conceive of its own devastation,” Lear says: Radical Hope: Ethics in the Face of Cultural Devastation. Harvard University Press, 2008, p. 83. 

“What makes this hope radical,” he explains: Radical Hope: Ethics in the Face of Cultural Devastation. Harvard University Press, 2008, p. 92. 

“Only where love and need are one,” Robert Frost writes: "Two Tramps In Mud Time." PoemHunter.com. January 03, 2003. https://www.poemhunter.com/poem/two-tramps-in-mud-time/

When looking for a romantic partner you want someone who fits the “3G’s”: "3 Best Tips From Dan Savage On How To Make Monogamy Work." Mindvalley Blog. April 30, 2020. https://blog.mindvalley.com/monogamy/.

Image Credit: ESO/VISTA/J. Emerson. Acknowledgment: Cambridge Astronomical Survey Unit